Trailer Hitches Truck Hitches

What is the Difference Between Trailer Hitch Classes?

Different types of trailer hitches
There are a few different types of trailer hitches. But do you know why they’re different?

If you have ever looked into buying a trailer hitch, you have no doubt noticed the classes that adorn them. So how do you tell the difference between the classes and which class do you need for your vehicle? Let’s find out!

What is GTW and Tongue Weight?

Before towing anything or even choosing your trailer hitch, you need to think about the gross towed weight (GTW) and tongue weight of whatever you are hauling. These weights do not just mean the weight of your trailer or even the weight of the object you are hauling. To haul anything properly, you need to take into account the item you are hauling as well as the things inside it. If you are hauling a car, does it have anything inside it? Is there gasoline in it? You have to think about the full weight of both the object and the items that go along with it. Tongue weight refers to the weight the trailer coupler puts on the hitch. It is normally 10-15 percent of the GTW. If not shifted around, your trailer will likely sway and could be dangerous to the cargo, your vehicle, and other vehicles on the road. Make sure to measure this weight before leaving with your cargo.

Class I Hitch

This type of trailer hitch can handle a GTW of up to 2,000 pounds and has a tongue maximum weight of 200 pounds. It is commonly used for small cars, pickups, or vans for light-duty towing.

Class II Hitch

These hitches can pull up to 3,000 pounds in GTW and 350 pounds in tongue weight. These hitches are commonly used for midsize cars, small pickups, vans, SUVs, and full-size vehicles. They are good for towing small trailers, pop-up campers, and small boats.

Class III Hitch

A class III hitch can pull up a range of 3,500 to 6,000 pounds GTW and has a tongue weight ranging from 350 to 600 pounds of tongue weight. This hitch is good for pulling full-size trailers and campers.

Class IV Hitch

This trailer hitch can pull up to 10,000 pounds of GTW and has a maximum tongue weight of 2,000 pounds. This type of hitch uses weight distribution to keep the load balanced.

Class V Hitch

A Class V trailer hitch can pull over 10,000 pounds of GTW with a maximum tongue weight of 1,200 pounds. It uses weight distribution to tackle heavier loads like car trailers, horse trailers, and large boats.

It is important to know what kind trailer hitch is right for your cargo and your vehicle. For more information or to have your trailer hitch professionally installed, call Trick Trucks today!

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