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What Are The Different Types of Drivetrain?

When buying a new vehicle, there are several things to take into consideration, including color, make, model, and drivetrain. The drivetrain is the group of parts that interact with the engine to put the vehicle into motion. Each type of drivetrain has different advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to understand which one best fits your needs.

All Wheel Drive

All wheel drive powers both the front and rear wheels at the time. Despite being very similar, there is one key distinction between all wheel drive and four wheel drive: AWD requires zero input from the driver.

drivetrainIn full-time AWD, all four of the vehicle’s wheels are receiving power to allow for better traction and handling. With part-time AWD, only the two front or rear wheels are powered under normal conditions. When the drive system detects slippery road conditions or rugged terrain, the system will automatically engage all four wheels.

Aside from being computer-controlled, one of the biggest advantages of AWD is the enhanced safety for all roadways and speeds. However, no drive system comes without flaws. The complex system raises the initial cost of the vehicle, limits off-road capabilities, and decreases fuel efficiency.

Four Wheel Drive

Four wheel drive is designed to power all four of the vehicle’s wheels in order to increase traction. 4WD is considered more robust and powerful than AWD, meaning it can better handle slippery road conditions or rugged off-road terrain. Many four wheel drive systems have low and high settings that can be controlled by the driver through an electronic switch or mechanical lever.

Similar to AWD, four wheel drive also offers full-time and part-time options. With full-time four wheel drive, all four wheels receive continuous power. Part-time, on the other hand, allows drivers to turn the 4WD on or off depending on the terrain or conditions – during this time, only two of the wheels receive power.

In addition to handling adverse road conditions, 4WD is also designed for maximum pulling power. It is also important to note that 4WD adds weight to your vehicle and decreases fuel economy.

Front Wheel Drive

Front wheel drive means the engine is only delivering power to the two front wheels, while the two rear wheels spin freely. Since the majority of the vehicle’s weight is located at the front of the car, FWD maintains better traction, gets better fuel economy, and even emits less carbon dioxide.

However, this also means that FWD vehicles are harder to steer and tend to veer to the side. They also have a lower towing capacity and are slow to accelerate.

Rear Wheel Drive

Rear wheel drive is the exact opposite of front wheel drive – power from the engine is only delivered to the rear wheels. Since the vehicle’s weight is more evenly distributed, RWD allows for better handling and faster acceleration. Despite being fun to drive, RWD vehicles are difficult to maneuver and do not perform well in poor weather conditions or adverse terrains.

Trick Trucks Has the Answers to All Your Vehicle Care Questions

If you want an upgrade, then come to see us at Trick Trucks. We are happy to make sure your truck is in great condition and is looking fresh all year round. We have over forty years of experience, so there is nothing we haven’t seen. Give us a call at 1-866-60-TRICK or visit us online. Follow us on Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram to keep up with our newest projects and to gain inspiration for your next one.