vehicle tech

What Is An Electric Car?

Electric CarNowadays, it is becoming easier and cheaper for manufacturers to build electric cars and trucks. As a result, electric vehicles are becoming more accessible and popular in modern society.

But for many of us, this popularity begs one question: what exactly is an electric car?

How It Works

Vehicles that run on gasoline and diesel fuel have an internal-combustion engine, which is powered by the energy created when burning fuel.

Electric vehicles, on the other hand, have an electric motor that is powered by electricity from rechargeable batteries or fuel cells. Rather than refueling the gas tank, electric vehicle owners can simply charge their car or truck.

Depending on the make or model, drivers can easily charge their vehicle at home using a special charging unit. Or if they need to charge while on the road, drivers can use a public charging station.

Different Types

When it comes to electric vehicles, there are two different options to choose from: plug-in electric, plug-in hybrid, and hybrid-electric.

Plug-in electric, or all-electric vehicles, run solely on electricity. This means drivers must rely purely on charging their vehicle since it will not accept any type of fuel.

Plug-in hybrid vehicles are predominantly powered by electricity, but they also have a conventional combustion engine that uses gasoline. The vehicle will run off of electricity for as long as possible, and when the battery runs out of power, it will begin using the fuel engine.

Hybrid-Electric vehicles are essentially the complete opposite of plug-in hybrids. They predominantly run on gasoline, but they also have a rechargeable battery. Drivers are able to freely switch back and forth between the fuel engine and electric motor.

Both plug-in electric and plug-in hybrid cars and trucks can be charged using an electricity source. Hybrid-electric vehicles do not need to be plugged in – the battery gets its charge through the fuel and regenerative braking.

Environment Benefits

Arguably the biggest reason behind the popularity of electric cars is the environmental benefits they provide.

Since these vehicles run on electricity, they do not emit harmful carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and greenhouse gases. This helps to reduce air pollution, climate change, smog, and other ecological and public health damage.

Electric cars also serve to cut down on our use of nonrenewable resources, such as oil, gasoline, and diesel fuel. Electricity can be replenished naturally in a relatively short amount of time by wind turbines, water turbines, solar panels, and other sources.

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